Eczema that appears on the skin causing redness and itching is known as atopic dermatitis . It is a chronic disorder and, although it is more common to appear at an early age, atopic dermatitis can appear at any time.
Atopic dermatitis is a long-lasting disorder, and although symptoms can be kept under control with treatment, it tends to flare up periodically. There is no cure and it can manifest with asthma or allergic rhinitis .
What are the symptoms?
The symptoms of atopic dermatitis depend on the person, although it usually manifests itself in dry skin with red or grayish bumps, especially on the hands, wrists, neck, chest, eyelids, ankles and inside of the elbows and knees. Especially in babies it is very common for it to appear on the face or on the horse’s skin.
Atopic dermatitis on the hand of a child.
Guide for patients with atopic dermatitis: why it occurs, complications and treatment
Sometimes the redness can be accompanied by bumps or blisters filled with fluid, scabs, scaly, cracked or raw skin from scratching.
Although the age at which it is most common for this disorder to appear is from the age of five, it can also appear during adolescence or adulthood.
How to treat atopic dermatitis
Treatments for dermatitis often involve trying different medications to control flare-ups and reduce symptoms, although they can be trial and error for months.
The first advice to follow is to keep the skin hydrated , and if it is not enough, the doctor will prescribe creams to control itching and help repair the skin and oral medications to control infection and inflammation.
When medications are not enough, we may have to resort to other therapies such as wet bandages, which consists of wrapping the affected area with topical corticosteroids and wet bandages, phototherapy , which consists of exposing the skin to a controlled amount of natural sunlight. or psychological and relaxation counseling to control worsening dermatitis by somatizing.