This same Wednesday, the Public Health Commission pointed to the need to prioritize pregnant women in the vaccination strategy , since they have a greater risk against covid-19. However, doubts remain among this group about the timing or types of vaccines .
” Pregnant women have a higher risk of suffering a serious infection of covid-19 than non-pregnant women and there seems to be a relationship between the disease and the risk of premature birth,” they explained in April since the World Health Organization .
Even so, the WHO itself ruled out at that time the vaccination of pregnant women due to lack of studies on its effects in this group: “Due to the lack of data, at this time the WHO does not recommend the vaccination of pregnant women”, published the experts, who even advised against “starting a pregnancy during the 2 or 3 months after vaccination.”
However, vaccination has continued to advance in the different countries and, in Spain, with the data updated to July, it is recommended to vaccinate pregnant women: “Based on the available data -which do not indicate any adverse effect on pregnancy- and the recommendations of other countries, it is proposed to vaccinate pregnant or lactating women “, they indicate from the portal of the Covid-19 Vaccination Strategy of the Government of Spain.
What vaccine should be given to pregnant women?
The only difference so far in the supply of approved vaccines in Spain has been the age group, taking into account the side effects they produced. However, for pregnant women it has been specified that they should receive the mRNA vaccines.
Therefore, in Spain, the two vaccines that pregnant women could receive are Pfizer or Moderna , both two-dose vaccines that work through mRNA.
” Moderna and Pfizer-BioNTech vaccines are mRNA vaccines that do not contain the live virus that causes covid-19 and, therefore, cannot cause a person to contract the disease, ” they explain from the Centers for Control and Prevention of Diseases (CDC) .
“In addition, mRNA vaccines do not interact with the DNA of the person or cause genetic changes because the mRNA does not enter the nucleus of the cell, which is where our DNA is,” add the experts on these vaccines, pointing out that they are, for Therefore, the ideal ones for pregnant women.
When should pregnant women be vaccinated?
Although from the aforementioned Covid-19 Vaccination Strategy portal they indicated that pregnant women could receive the vaccine doses “at any time during pregnancy,” the Public Commission pointed out this same Wednesday that it is best that they complete the vaccination schedule before the second trimester of pregnancy.
Thus, vaccination is not contraindicated in any of the months of pregnancy, although it is important to receive the doses before the second trimester of pregnancy, since it has been proven that complications from the disease affect women at the end of the second trimester. and in the third trimester of pregnancy.
This prioritization in the vaccination plan becomes even more important when there are other risk factors in pregnant women , such as obesity, an age over 35 years, high blood pressure, diabetes or pre-eclampsia, among others.
Likewise, if a pregnancy is being planned, “it is convenient to complete the vaccination before,” according to the experts, in addition to pointing out that the closest environment to pregnant women must also be vaccinated and follow all hygiene and infection prevention guidelines .