Avoid postmenopausal hormone therapy, alcohol consumption, or being overweight as breast cancer prevention measures. Detecting breast cancer in its first phase has a chance of a cure almost 100%. How to do a correct breast self-examination?
We call breast cancer the malignant tumor that originates in the mammary gland. According to the Spanish Association Against Cancer , it occurs when tumor cells come from breast tissue and invade healthy surrounding tissues, reaching organs.
Although breast cancer cannot be prevented, different studies have shown that the risk of developing breast cancer is lower if you lead a healthy lifestyle.
How to avoid breast cancer
In Spain, breast cancer is the leading cause of mortality in women . Although there is no way to prevent, we can anticipate detecting it long before the first symptoms appear. Diagnosing breast cancer in its early stage has a nearly 100% chance of cure.
Avoiding overweight and obesity are some of the recommendations to avoid developing breast cancer. If you are above your normal weight, go to your doctor and ask for help to lose weight.
Get physical exercise for at least 4 hours a week. Combine aerobic activity with strength exercises and include them in your weekly routine. It will help you lead a healthier lifestyle and stay at your ideal weight.
To prevent breast cancer, it is important to moderate your alcohol consumption . Research on the effects of alcohol on the risk of developing breast cancer recommends avoiding drinking more than one alcoholic drink a day.
Limiting postmenopausal hormone therapy is another way to try to prevent breast cancer, according to the AECC . Talk to your doctor and try to manage your menopausal symptoms with therapies and treatments that do not contain hormones.
How to detect breast cancer before symptoms appear
It is important to perform routine self- examinations and, in case of detecting any abnormality in the skin, redness or lump, see your doctor.
If you have a family history of breast cancer, notify your doctor since medical diagnoses are likely to be carried out on a regular basis.
The mammograms can detect breast abnormalities two years before you start having symptoms. This medical test can detect 90% of tumors. From the age of 40 it is recommended to have mammograms with a frequency of one or two years, while from the age of 50, it is advisable to have mammograms annually.