This tumor known as “silent murderer” is the most lethal malignancies gynecologic because in 75% of cases , the ovarian cancer , occurs in advanced stages the absence of early diagnostic techniques. Its total removal determines a greater survival and makes subsequent medical treatments more effective , according to the Association of People Affected by Ovarian Cancer (ASACO) in Malaga.
What is ovarian cancer?
This disease is a type of cancer that occurs in the ovaries and is found in most cases when it has already spread to the pelvis and abdomen . Under these circumstances, treating it is more difficult. Cancer is found in much of the female reproductive system, and has spread to other areas of the body. On the contrary, detecting it at an early stage is more likely to be successful when the disease is found only in the ovary.
Causes of ovarian cancer
The probability of suffering from ovarian cancer or not depends on the risk factor, although not necessarily in certain cases of patients, there is a risk factor for suffering from ovarian cancer disease. There are different types of factors such as smoking, which can be modified or factors such as age and family history , which cannot be changed. Here are some of the other factors that can increase your risk:
Hormone therapy after menopause : the use of estrogens after menopause increases the risk of developing this type of cancer.
Overweight or obese: obese women with an index lower than 30 are more likely to suffer from ovarian cancer.
Aging: the age factor is key at the time of its diagnosis since ovarian cancers originate after the menopause around 62 years or more.
Late pregnancy : Women 35 years of age or older who have never been pregnant may have an increased risk of ovarian cancer.
Ovarian Cancer Treatment
Thanks to the participation of a team of specialists made up mainly of gynecologists-surgeons and medical oncologists, the treatment of a given patient always depends on the extent of the disease and the patient’s clinical situation . In most cases, the most used ones are shown below:
Surgery: if the cancer is found in an ovary, surgery will be performed to remove that ovary. In some cases, the fallopian tube will also be removed.
Targeted therapy: Drugs are used here to treat ovarian cancer that comes back after initial treatment.
Chemotherapy: This treatment uses drugs that can be injected into a vein or can be given by mouth.
Palliative care: after receiving the aggression of surgery or chemotherapy, this care offers to provide pain relief thanks to specialized medical care.