If the Government complies with the program agreed between PSOE and United We Can and early general elections are not called, before the end of this term (November 2023) the Minimum Interprofessional Salary (SMI) must be placed in a range that goes from 1,012 euros to 1,047 euros, which implies an increase compared to the current 950 euros between 6.5% and 10.2%.
An increase that collides head-on with a recent report by the Bank of Spain that quantifies between 83,000 and 180,000 jobs that cost the 22% increase in the SMI for 2019 to reach 900 euros. And, likewise, it has the opposition of businessmen who consider that, after a rise close to 30% in two years, now, in the midst of the crisis caused by the pandemic, is not the best time for a new increase.
These are the data that the Committee of Experts appointed by the Government in January has arrived at to determine a formula that serves to calculate the average salary in Spain, according to information published by El País that has been confirmed by members of said commission to this diary. A commission to which both CEOE and Cepyme declined to belong.
Include or not this 2021
The minister spokesperson, María Jesús Montero, explained yesterday that with the report in hand, the Government will meet with the social agents to see how to “distribute that weight” to achieve the objective, debating whether the rise to reach 60% of the average salary it is distributed between 2022 and 2023 or “if we include 2021”. “It is important to reach that commitment but also that it is compatible with the generation of employment,” said Montero, because “the improvement in purchasing power must be balanced but ensuring that it will not be at the cost of job losses,” as he pointed out. the Bank of Spain.
The sources of the commission of experts consulted by eE , which indicate that they delivered their report to the Ministry of Labor this Monday, showed their deep discomfort over the leak of the document. According to El País, the average salary will be calculated from the Salary Structure Survey carried out by the INE, although it is not exactly the same. Sources from the Ministry of Labor clarify that the data presented by the experts are not definitive and may vary.
The experts emphasize that although the report is open to observations, the formula is quite closed. However, each year it will be adjusted to the figures, so that maximum of 1,047 euros is not final, especially if it is taken into account that the last Salary Structure Survey was prepared with data from 2018 and the update is expected.
The Coalition Executive has in its Government pact the commitment to place the SMI at 60% of the average salary of Spaniards, as recommended in the European Social Charter.
Given the lack of specificity on how that average salary is calculated, the Government appointed that commission of experts with which it also sought to settle the strong internal confrontation that arose between the Socialists, with Nadia Calviño at the head recommending not to raise the SMI this year, and the United We Can faction with Yolanda Díaz, who has always defended that this year at least it should increase between 0.9% – a rise in pensions and salaries of civil servants – and the average increase in agreements – 1.55% registered in April-.
The members of the Government belonging to the PSOE have defended the thesis of the employers, who consider an increase this year inappropriate, while those of United We can support the unions that have advocated for an increase this year. In January, the balance was put on the side of the defenders of the freeze, although the government spokeswoman, María Jesús Montero, was quick to say then that in summer it could be rethought. Something that was overlooked yesterday after the Council of Ministers.
Labor continues to bet that this year there will be a rise, as did the unions that requested yesterday to open the dialogue table to talk about the SMI as soon as possible. Some unconfirmed sources suggest that the experts’ report could be negotiated next month.
Antón Costas (resigned when he was appointed president of the CES)
Olga Cantó Sánchez (University)
Manuel Lago Peñas (Ministry of Labor)
Gemma Galdón Clavell (University)
José Ignacio Pérez Infante (University)
Rafael Muñoz de Bustillo (University)
Inmaculada Cebrián López (University)
Sara de la Rica Goiricelaya (University)
María Jesús Cedrún Gutiérrez (UGT)
Carlos Martin (CCOO)
Mª Edita Pereira Omil (CEOE, resigned)
Luis Aribayos Mínguez (Cepyme, resigned)
César Veloso Palma (Ministry of Finance)
Carlos Corps Caballero (Ministry of Economy)