For the first time after nineteen years of war, the delegations of the Government of Kabul and the Taliban sat face to face yesterday in the same room and made a first contact to launch the peace process tomorrow.
This long-awaited moment for Afghans took place in Doha, the capital-in-exile of insurgents who made it clear from the first moment that their ultimate goal is to reinstate the “Islamic system in which all Afghans live without discrimination and in harmony. “In an” independent, united and prosperous country, “Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar noted.
The return of the Emirate that they launched between 1996 and 2001 is drawn on the horizon of a negotiation that is complicated by a lack of trust and by violence, which once again shook Afghanistan with insurgent attacks against the security forces in eighteen provinces.
For this reason, the president of the High Council for National Reconciliation, Abdullah Abdullah, called for a “humanitarian ceasefire” and assured the Taliban that “we have come here with the goodwill and the good intention to end 40 years of spilling of blood and achieve a lasting peace and for the whole country ».
The insurgent military command launched attacks in 18 provinces while the negotiating team spoke of “peace” in Doha. The gesture of goodwill came with the release of 22 members of the security forces that were in their power in Helmand, in the south of the country. In the last seven months, the government has released 5,000 prisoners from the insurgency.
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo took part in the opening ceremony and told both parties that “we are prepared to support this negotiation if you ask us to.
This is your moment, I pray that you take advantage of it. Asked about the possible return of the Emirate, Donald Trump’s envoy declared that his country “is not seeking to impose its system on others” and considered that the talks should conclude with “a political agreement that accommodates all competing points of view.”
During this day, technical aspects of a process that aims to achieve a change in Afghanistan by peaceful means and not by shooting, as has happened with every change since the invasion of the Soviet Union in 1979, began.
There began a war that has it has been changing international actors, but that continues to this day with Afghan civilians as the main victims.
“It is a single window for peace, it is the longest war in contemporary history and it finally seems that everyone is very clear that there is no military solution,” wrote the director of the Superior Council in his opinion article for the Tolo channel. for National Reconciliation, Mustafa Aryan.
This window has been opened thanks to the United States agreeing to the Taliban demand to start negotiating bilaterally, without the presence of the Afghan government.
That dialogue concluded on February 29 with the announcement of a withdrawal of international forces as a preliminary step to direct dialogue between Afghans. The Taliban thus achieved their number one demand: the end of the US military presence.
One of the issues of greatest concern is the situation of women in a future Afghanistan once again ruled by a radical Islamic regime.
The delegation of the Government of Kabul is finally made up of 20 members, not 21, and of them three are women, not five, as announced at first. Habiba Sarabi, Fawzia Koofi and Sharifa Zurmati are the three female voices in front of the envoys of the Islamist movement.